Tuesday, February 19, 2013

TERM: hemorrhoids

Diagram demonstrating the anal anatomy of both
internal and external hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids (US English) or haemorrhoids (UK), are veins in the anus which help with stool control. They become a problem when swollen or inflamed. Internal hemorrhoids usually present with painless rectal bleeding. External hemorrhoids may produce few symptoms but can also cause a lot of pain and swelling in the area of the anus.

While the exact cause of hemorrhoids remains unknown, doctors feel that they are usually caused by untreated constipation but occasionally associated with chronic diarrhea.

Initial treatment hemorrhoids consists of changing the diet to decrease constipation like increasing fiber intake, drinking more fluids, NSAIDs to help with the pain, and rest. Sometimes surgery is needed for severe cases. Up to half of people may experience problems with hemorrhoids at some point in their life. Outcomes are usually good.


Word List:
  • inflamed: result of inflammation (pain, heat, red, swelling)
  • to swell: to become bigger or rounder
  • to present: if a patient presents with particular signs of an illness, they have those signs
  • constipation: unable to get rid of waste material from the bowels easily
  • chronic: lasting for a long time; difficult to cure or get rid of
  • diarrhea: an illness in which the solid waste from your body is like a liquid and you have to go to the toilet very often
  • intake: eating and drinking
  • NSAID: a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (as aspirin and ibuprofen)
  • outcome: the result or effect of an action or event
Pronunciation Practice:
= hemorrhoid [hem·or·rhoid]
= inflame [in·flame]
= internal [in·ter·nal]
= external [ex·ter·nal]
= rectum [rec·tum]
= constipation [con·sti·pa·tion]
= chronic [chron·ic]
= diarrhea [di·ar·rhea]
= NSAID

Reference:
Wikipedia - Hemorrhoid
MedTerm.com - definition of hemorrhoids