Saturday, February 2, 2013

MT-3: Noun Suffixes

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3: SUFFIXES:
Noun Suffixes

-coccus, -cocci (pl) = berry-shaped bacterium (bacteria)

     streptococcus = хэлхээ бөм {гормон}
          strept/o = twisted (like a twisted chain)
     staphylococci = хонхорцог бөм
          staphyl/o = grape-like cluster; uvula


-cyte = cell

     erythrocyte: red blood cell = цусны улаан бөөм {эритроцитов}
          erythr/o = redness
     leukocyte: white blood cell = цагаан эс {лейкоцитарной}
          leuk/o = white
     thrombocyte: platelet = цусны ялтас, тромбоцит {пластинка}
          thromb/o = clot


-esis = condition

     diuresis: condition where too much urine produced = диурез {отдых}
          di-: two, double
          ur/o: urine = шээс {мочи}

-genic = pertaining to, producing, produced by, produced in

     carcinogenic: producing cancer = хорт хавпар үүсгэгч
          carcin/o: cancer = хорт хавдар {рака}
     osteogenic: producing bone, originating in bone = {остеодженик}
          oste/o: bone = яс {кости}

-ia = condition

     pneumonia: infection of the lung = уушгины хатгалгаа {пневмония}
          pneumon/o, pneum/o: lungs

Note: remember that words beginning with “pn”, the “p” is silent.

-iatry = medicine; treatment

     podiatry: specialty that treats conditions of the feet = тавхайн өвчний эмчилгээ
          pod/o: feet

-ician = specialist

     obstetrician: (OB) physician who is concerned with pregnancy and childbirth
          = эх барих эмч, эмэгтэйчүүдийн эмч { акушер-гинеколог}
          obstetr/o: midwife = эх баригч {акушерка}
     pediatrician: doctor who treats children = хүүхдийн эмч {педиатр}
          ped/o: child (sometimes “foot”)

-ism = condition

     hyperthyroidism: condition with an overactive thyroid gland = бамбайн хордлого
          hyper-: excessive, too much
          thyroid/o, thyr/o: thyroid gland = бамбай булчирхай {щитовидная железа}

-ist, -logist = specialist

     hematologist: physician who specializes in blood disorders = цусны эмч
          hemat/o, hem/a, hem/o: blood = Цус {крови}

-logy = study of

     ophthalmology: study of diseases of the eye = нүдний өвчин судлал {офтальмология}
          ophthalm/o: eye = нүд

Note: in the root ophthalm/o, the "ph" is not pronounced like "f" but "p" where the "h" is silent.

-opsy = to view

     biopsy: examination of tissue, cells, or fluids from the living body = биопси {биопсия}
     necropsy: examination of the body after death = хүүрийн задлан {вскрытие трупа}
          also called autopsy, postmortem, postmortem examination
          necr/o: death

-sclerosis = hardening

     arteriosclerosis: chronic disease of hardening of the arterial walls
          = артериосклероз {атеросклероз}
          arteri/o, arter/o: artery = тараагуур судас, артери, артерийн судас {артерия}

-stasis = stopping, controlling

     metastasis: spread of a something producing disease (as cancer cells or bacteria) from the initial location of disease to another part of the body = үсэрхийлэл {метастазирования}
          meta-: change, next in a series
     hemostasis: stopping blood flow or slowing it = цус тогтоох

-therapy = treatment

     hydrotherapy: treatment using water (as in a whirlpool bath) = усаар эмчлэх ухаан
          hydr/o: water
     chemotherapy: use of chemical agents in the treatment = химиотерапия
          chem/o: chemical
     radiotherapy: treatment of disease using radiation = ионжуулсан туяагаар эмчлэх {радиотерапии}
          radi/o: radiation

-y = condition; process (action)

     neuropathy: disease condition of the nerves = мэдрэлийн өвчин {невропатия}
          neur/o, nerv/o: nerve


REVIEW

SuffixMeaning
-coccus, -cocci (pl)berry-shaped bacterium
-cytecell
-esiscondition
-genicpertaining to, producing, produced by, produced in
-iacondition
-iatrymedicine; treatment
-icianspecialist
-ismcondition
-istspecialist
-logystudy of
-opsyto view
-sclerosishardening
-stasisstopping, controlling
-therapytreatment
-ycondition; process
Medical Terms
  • erythrocyte: red blood cell
  • leukocyte: white blood cell
  • thrombocyte: platelet
  • diuresis: condition where too much urine produced
  • carcinogenic: producing cancer = хорт хавпар үүсгэгч
  • osteogenic: producing bone, originating in bone
  • pneumonia: infection of the lung
  • podiatry: specialty that treats conditions of the feet
  • obstetrician: (OB) physician who is concerned with pregnancy and childbirth
  • pediatrician: doctor who treats children
  • hyperthyroidism: condition with an overactive thyroid gland
  • hematologist: physician who specializes in blood disorders
  • ophthalmology: study of diseases of the eye
  • biopsy: examination of tissue, cells, or fluids from the living body
  • necropsy, autopsy, postmortem: examination of the body after death
  • arteriosclerosis: chronic disease of hardening of the arterial walls
  • metastasis: spread of a something producing disease (as cancer cells or bacteria) from the initial location of disease to another part of the body
  • hemostasis: stopping blood flow or slowing it
  • hydrotherapy: treatment using water
  • chemotherapy: use of chemical agents in the treatment
  • radiotherapy: treatment of disease using radiation
  • neuropathy: disease condition of the nerves
Pronunciation Practice:
= erythrocyte [e·ryth·ro·cyte]
= leukocyte [leu·ko·cyte]
= thrombocyte [throm·bo·cyte]
= diuresis [di·ure·sis]
= carcinogenic [car·ci·no·gen·ic]
= osteogenic [os·te·o·gen·ic]
= pneumonia [pneu·mo·ni·a]
= podiatry [po·di·a·try]
= obstetrician [ob·ste·tri·cian]
= pediatrician [pe·di·a·tri·cian]
= hyperthyroidism [hy·per·thy·roid·ism]
= hematologist [he·ma·tol·o·gy]
= ophthalmology [oph·thal·mol·o·gy]
= biopsy [bi·op·sy]
= necropsy [nec·rop·sy]
= arteriosclerosis [ar·te·ri·o·scle·ro·sis]
= metastasis [me·tas·ta·sis]
= hemostasis [he·mo·sta·sis]
= hydrotherapy [hy·dro·ther·a·py]
= chemotherapy [che·mo·ther·a·py]
= radiotherapy [ra·di·o·ther·a·py]
= neuropathy [neu·rop·a·thy]


with exercises

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