Thursday, February 7, 2013

MT-3: Adjective Suffixes

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3: SUFFIXES:
Adjective Suffixes

-ac, -iac = pertaining to

     cardiac: pertaining to the heart

-al = pertaining to

     peritoneal: pertaining to the smooth transparent membrane that lines the cavity of the abdomen and encloses the abdominal and pelvic organs = {перитонеального}
          peritoneum: (noun) = {брюшины}
          peritone/o: peritoneum
     inguinal: of, relating to, or situated in the region of the groin or in either of the lowest lateral regions of the abdomen = цавины
          inguin/o: groin = цавь, салтаа {паха}
          pleural: pertaining to the pleura
          pleur/o: pleura = цээжний гялтан, хальс {плевры}

-ar = pertaining to

     tonsillar: pertaining to the tonsils = бүйлсэн булчирхайн
          tonsill/o: tonsils = бүйлсэн булчирхай {миндалина}

-ary = pertaining to

     pulmonary: pertaining to the lungs = уушгины {легочный}
          pulmon/o: lungs = уушги {легочное}
     axillary: pertaining to the axilla = суганы хонхорын {подмышечный}
          axill/o: axilla (armpit) = суганы хонхорхой {подмышечная впадина}
          armpit = суга {одноименный}

-eal = pertaining to

     laryngeal: pertaining to the larynx = төвөнхийн {гортани}
          laryng/o: larynx = төвөнх {гортани}

-ic, ical = pertaining to

     chronic: suffering from for a long time or frequently = архаг, ужиг {хронических}
          chron/o: time
     neurological: pertaining to the nervous system
          = мэдрэлийн системийн {неврологические}
          neur/o: nerve
          -logy: study of

-oid = resembling, to look like

     hemorrhoid = шамбарам, цагаан мах гарах {геморрой}
          hem/o: blood
          -rrhea: flow

Hemorrhoid (or haemorrhoids) are vascular structures in the anal canal which help with stool [гүйлгэх] control. They can become swollen or inflamed. Normally, they act as a cushion composed of arterio-venous channels and connective tissue that help the passage of stool. Internal hemorrhoids usually present with painless rectal bleeding while external hemorrhoids present with pain in the area of the anus.

Just think about the “increased blood flow” that makes them “look like glands”.

-ose = pertaining to, full of

     adipose: pertaining to fat = өөхний, өөхний тосны, өөхлөг {жировой}
          adip/o: fat = өөх, тос

-ous = pertaining to

     mucous: pertaining to the mucus = салслаг, салст {слизистой}
          muc/o: mucus = салс {слизи}

Note: both “mucus” and “mucous” have the same pronunciation but one is a noun and the other is an adjective.

-tic = pertaining to

     necrotic: pertaining to the death of living tissue = үхүүлсэн {некротические}
          necr/o: death, necrosis


REVIEW

Adjective Suffixes
SuffixMeaning
-ac, -iacpertaining to
-alpertaining to
-arpertaining to
-arypertaining to
-ealpertaining to
-ic, icalpertaining to
-oidresembling
-osepertaining to, full of
-ouspertaining to
-ticpertaining to

New Words:
  • peritoneum: (noun) = {брюшины}
  • axilla = суганы хонхорхой {подмышечная впадина}
  • armpit = суга {одноименный}

Combining FormsMeaning
adip/ofat
axill/oaxilla (armpit)
cardi/oheart
chron/otime
hem/oblood
inguin/ogroin
laryng/olarynx
muc/omucus
necr/odeath, necrosis
neur/onerve
peritone/operitoneum
pleur/o:pleura
tonsill/otonsils
Medical Terms
  • cardiac: pertaining to the heart
  • peritoneal: pertaining to the lining of the abdominal cavity
  • peritoneum: the lining of the abdominal cavity
  • inguinal: of, relating to, or situated in the region of the groin
  • pleural: pertaining to the pleura
  • tonsillar: pertaining to the tonsils
Pronunciation Practice
= peritoneum [pe·ri·to·ne·um]
= armpit [arm·pit]
= cardiac [car·di·ac]
= peritoneal [pe·ri·to·ne·al]
= peritoneum [pe·ri·to·ne·um]
= inguinal [in·gui·nal]
= pleural [pleu·ral]
= tonsillar [ton·sil·lar]
= axilla [ax·il·la]


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